the Greek-Turkish War (1921-1922), Greek troops were dismissed out
of Mikra Asia. Lots of Greeks ran away from Anatolia with the
defeated Greek army. At the Lausanne Traty(1923), an
agreement was taken due to exchange the populations of Greeks and Turks.
The only measure in determining the ethnic groups that will be exchanged was the
religion. The other measures like language and other ethnic
factors were neglected. Only the Greek-Orthodoxes were exchanged with the
Sunnite Muslims. Katholic and Protestant Greeks were not
deported, while Turkish speaking Cilician Orthodoxes were exchanged. Also
the Turkish speaking Karamanlides
were sent to Greece, while Greek speaking Cretan
Muslims were deported to Turkey.
1928, nearly 850.000 Anatolian Greeks
(Rum-Roman) were transported to Greece. Adding this the Greek
Population of Turkish Thrace that is included to the exchange treaty,
the total number of Greeks deported from Turkey makes a sum of 1.172.635.
The Turks deported from Greece were numbering 400.000.
At that time the total number of the remaining Greeks in Turkey was 200.000.
to the traety, The Greeks
(Rum-Roman) of Constantinople (Istanbul)
and the Turks of Western Thrace was excluded from the treaty. The Greek
community of Constantinople enjoyed
several more years of peace and grown in number by the settlers escaping from
the deportations in Anatolia. At the beginning of 1940s, there were
nearly 140.000 Greeks in Constantinople.
Source : Internet