tribe Karamanlides lived in the region of Karaman of The Ottoman
Empire. The region is well known as Cappadocia.
Also there were many Karamanlides living in Constantinople
(Istanbul) and other provinces of the Empire. Karamanlides were a Christian
Orthodox people, monolingual with Turkish. They were writing Turkish
with Greek alphabets. Today, only a 80-100 people group remaining from
this tribe live in Constantinople. All of the Karamanlides were sent to Greece
after the exchange of populations.
Turkish as the church language and translated the bible into Karamanlidika.
Also the first novel written in the Ottoman Empire was Temasha-e
Dounia by a Karamanlis Evangelinos
Missailidis(1872). In this novel, Ottoman Empire is
characterized through the eyes of a Greek living in Constantinople.
Also many religious, law, philosophy, medical books were written or translated
in Karamanlidika language. One of such books is named Anadolu
Türküleri(The Songs of Anatolia),
by Stauros Stauridis(1896). A
lyric from the book:
BIRER SAYDIM DA YEDI YIL OLDU
counted the years one by one and it made up of seven
Also there were newspapers published in Karamanlidika as Anatoli, which was established by Evangelinos Missailidis in 1851 and continued to circulate till 1914.
By the exchange treaty both Greece and Turkey solved their ethnic minority problems. In a radical and bitter way. The Muslims in Greece and The Orthodox Greeks in Turkey were exchanged.
In 1924, all the Karamanlides started the immigration to Greece. When they were transported to the harbour of Mersin, neither of them had an idea about the place they're going, besides most of them were seeing the sight of the sea for the first time. The Karamanlides were regarded as foreigners also in Greece.
Source : Internet